Already in 1825, Saint-simonians want to substitute a manager to the owner and to redistribute by credit means of production. They promote social finality of new means of transport. Under Second Empire, they create first large firms and a prototype of universal bank investing in joint stock companies. In railways companies, they deal with new planning and operating issues and for management of a numerous and widespread manpower. The launch large civil engineering projects and first utilities networks. They already feel importance of internal and external communication towards stock exchange, governments and press.
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